Pauline had the enormous task of telling her father of her
intentions to enter the Carmelite monastery. Concerned
over how he would react, Pauline confronted him after he
finished praying. To Pauline’s surprise, he took the news
very calmly. His only apprehension for her entering the
monastery was the concern of her frequent headaches
which made her sick. However, later that day, he
approached her lovingly and said: “My Pauline, I have
given you permission to enter Carmel for your own
happiness, but do not think that there is no sacrifice on
my part, for I love you so much.” (SF)
On the other hand, Pauline never had to opportunity to
tell Thérèse herself about going to Carmel. While Pauline
and Marie were talking about her entrance, Thérèse
overheard the entire conversation between the two girls
and she took it very hard. She ran to her bedroom and
started crying. She felt betrayed that Pauline was going to
leave for Carmel without her. Previously, they discussed
about wanting to be “two hermits living in the desert” and
Carmel was going to be Pauline’s desert. Thérèse had held
true to Pauline’s word. However, at the time when she told
her, Pauline was not being serious. It was the first realization
for Thérèse that yet again she was going to be losing a
mother. Later that day, Pauline explained to Thérèse her
reasons for leaving home in order to calm her fears.
Prior to entering Carmel in October, Pauline and her family
went on a trip together to Alençon for the last time. There
they stayed with Pauline’s godmother Pauline Romet. As a
sign of respect for her beloved mother, as well as, her
brothers and sisters, she went to the cemetery and prayed
before her mother’s grave. Pauline wanted to say her last
goodbyes to her mother before she entered. Upon arriving
back to Lisieux, Pauline spent time putting all of her things
in order before the big day.
On October 2, 1882, Pauline entered the Carmelite
monastery as a postulant. Louis, uncle Isidore and Marie
escorted her to the Carmelite chapel for Mass. After Mass
was over, Pauline said goodbye to her family and then was
greeted at the cloister door by Mother Geneviève. Escorted
by one of the sisters, she was given a tour of the monastery.
She then was taken up to her new cell where she changed her
clothes and dawned on “a long blue dress covered with a
black cape and a dark bonnet.” (TOL) The initiation in the
traditions of the Carmelite Order had commenced for Pauline.
Later that day, she was given the opportunity to see her
younger sisters Céline and Thérèse for about thirty minutes
while she was positioned behind the grille in the reception area.
Thérèse was still in a state of sorrow over the departure of
Pauline by saying: “I was weak, so weak that I considered it
a great grace to have been able to support a trial that seemed
to be far above my strength.” (ST) Pauline comforted Thérèse
by explaining to her why she entered the Carmelite monastery
in the reception area. “My vocation is not where I live or who
I live with or how many different prayers I pray. It's simply
“a call from the Lord, an invitation to draw me closer to him
in a life of total consecration.” (ST)
A mysterious illness came upon Thérèse, lasting for several
months after Pauline’s entry. It was thought by the family
that she would not be able to attend Pauline’s Clothing
ceremony in April. But Thérèse regained her strength enough
to be there at her sister’s ceremony. Later, Thérèse remarked
about her mysterious illness during this time stating that it was
caused by the devil himself. The devil did not want Pauline to
enter the Carmelite monastery and was angry over the future
reprisals that the Martin family would inflict on him.
On April 6, 1883, Pauline officially became a novice and was
christened with the new name of Sister Agnes of Jesus.
Pauline left the cloister and was reunited with her father as he
promptly met her at the cloister door. Escorted by her father,
she went to the reception area to see her family. As Pauline
was reunited with her family, Thérèse approached her and
placed herself on her knees and gave her a few kisses to
comfort her. After their brief reunion, it was time for the
ceremony to begin. Pauline, in her beautiful bridal gown,
dressed in white satin and her head covered by a laced veil,
was escorted by her father down the aisle to the altar. Father
Ducellier, Pauline’s spiritual advisor was the officiant for the
ceremony. The family sat nearby in the chapel. After the
ceremony, Pauline’s father escorted her back to the cloister
door where she was received by the prioress. Pauline walked
into the choir room where she removed her bridal gown and
replaced it with her new religious clothing donning a white veil.
Pauline was allowed to see her family once more but this time
she would be hidden behind the grille. In honor of Pauline’s
ceremony, her father, gave the Carmelite monastery two
gilded bronze candle holders lined with crystals.
During the time of Pauline’s novitiate, she learned the
practice of devotion to the Holy Face under the direction of
Mother Geneviève of Saint Teresa. At the Carmelite monastery
of Tours, a sister received revelations about the mysteries
of the Holy Face. After learning of these revelations, Mother
Geneviève then invoked the practice of the same devotion for
their monastery. Pauline faithfully followed the devotion to the
Holy Face. When her sisters came to join her later, she introduced this devotion to them as well.
Later, Thérèse stated: “It was Pauline who unveiled the depths of the treasures hidden in the Holy
Face of the Saviour to me.” (SG)
The teachings of St. John of the Cross were an essential part in Pauline’s devotion. She practiced
mortifications to further relinquish her heart from earthly possessions, which would otherwise
prevent her from serving God wholly. Filling this void in her heart, she would in turn approach
this void with God’s unconditional love. Pauline would use prayer as her focus solely for her
to seek Him and allow for Him to shape her heart. She did not use prayer to seek what she
desired for herself but what God desired for her. As an act of her devotion to God, Pauline would
do numerous penances in the wake of saving many souls.
Pauline’s talents of painting miniatures, as a child, transcended into her life at the monastery. She
used her extraordinary talents to paint religious images on cards, letters and statues. She wrote
lovely works of poetry promoting God’s unconditional love to the faithful. Pauline was also tasked
with offering her services as the Provisor of the community, organizing the dining area for each of
the community’s meals.
Even though, Pauline was already living in the monastery, she continued to prepare Thérèse for her
First Holy Communion. Pauline gave her a blue velvet notebook, etched with her initials. She was
to list all of her sacrifices and acts of kindness each day and equating each act with the symbol of a
flower. When she was to receive her First Holy Communion, coordinated on the same day as
Pauline’s profession, she could show Jesus just how many sacrifices she made for Him, through
the representation of flowers. Pauline encouraged her to love each act of kindness and sacrifice that
she made. In a letter, Pauline reinforced this view by saying: “Do you know, my darling that your
flowers need warmth in order to bloom under the feet of Jesus.” (TL) Thus, later in life, Pauline’s
sister would be known as “the little flower”, ultimately sacrificing herself for Jesus.
As the days came closer for Thérèse to receive the Holy Eucharist, Pauline sent her a black and
white card. In the card, there was a picture of Jesus behind a grille, underneath lay a flower with
Pauline’s name etched at the base. When Thérèse saw the picture of Jesus behind the grille, it gave
her hope that one day she too would be that little flower outside of the grille for Jesus to pluck.
On May 8, 1884, Pauline made her profession to the Carmelite Order. Clothed in the white veil of
the novitiate, wore a spree of roses around her head. She entered the Chapter room and walked
before Mother Geneviève. She knelled down before her and professed her vows which were
witnessed by the Carmelite sisters. Due to the Rule of the Carmelite Order, Pauline’s family was
not allowed to view her profession ceremony. However, later that day, her family came to visit her
in the reception area where they congratulated and praised her on making her profession. Pauline’s
father remarked how “proud he was of her and how thankful he was to God for giving her so high
a vocation.” (SF)
On July 16, 1884, the Martin family went to the Carmelite chapel to witness Pauline’s veiling
ceremony. Her father was given the honor of assisting Father Ducellier during this special occasion.
Pauline’s white veil was removed from her head and replaced with a black veil. A spree of roses
was then placed over her black veil. After the ceremony was over, the family came to visit her in the
reception area. Thérèse, seeing Pauline donned in her new black veil, realized she is no longer her
surrogate mother that she once was. “She always loved me, prayed for me, but in my eyes my dear
Pauline had become a saint.” (TL) Pauline had taken her final steps to giving her life wholly to God.
Marie, Pauline’s older sister, showed interest in joining Pauline at the Carmelite monastery. She,
too, had a vocation with some reservations about the austerities of the order before she entered. On
October 15, 1886, Pauline opened her arms and welcomed Marie into the Carmelite monastery.
She was given the privilege of escorting Marie around the entire complex as well as initiating her with
the traditions and rules. The two sisters that were once inseparable while they were at the boarding
school were now joined together once more.
Thérèse, Pauline’s youngest sister, also showed an interest in joining the Carmelite order. Pauline
questioned her whether or not she wanted to join because she was there or whether Thérèse really
had a vocation to be a Carmelite. Thérèse reassured Pauline that she really wanted to be a Carmelite.
Pauline explained to her about the rigors of being a Carmelite. However, it did not convince her sister
to relinquish her thoughts on joining the monastery. Pauline then prompted her sister to speak to the
prioress and relay her ambitions of becoming a Carmelite.
The prioress agreed and told her that she needed the permission of the Bishop in order for her to enter
at a very early age. This obstacle was not the only obstacle she was going to face. Thérèse’s uncle
Isidore was opposed to the idea of her entering the monastery. Pauline interceded on her sister’s behalf
by writing a letter to their uncle and convincing him to give her his permission. After receiving Pauline’s
letter, their uncle agreed to her entrance.
When Thérèse went to see Bishop Hugonin, he was against her entry because of her age. There was
only one option for her and that was to see the Pope himself and ask for his permission. Before the
family went on the pilgrimage, Pauline insisted that Thérèse not to speak to the Pope about her entry.
But she recanted after the family had already left Lisieux. Pauline instructed Thérèse what to say to the
Pope in a message she sent to her while she was in Rome. Canon Deatroëtte heard what was
happening in Rome. He went to see Pauline and the prioress. He became very caustic in his speech
towards both of them and was still adamantly opposed her entry. Pauline received a relic from the
Church of St. Agnes from Thérèse and Céline after they came back from their pilgrimage in Italy. It was
a small piece of marble from a mosaic that had fallen while they were there. The mosaic was original
from the time the church was built.
Thérèse wanted to find out whether Bishop Hugonin had changed his mind about her entering the
Carmelite monastery. Early December of 1887, Pauline helped Thérèse compose a letter to Bishop
Hugonin. Pauline edited Thérèse’s letter and painted a beautiful card that accompanied it. On
December 15th, Thérèse finally sent the letter to him.
In the latter part of December of 1887, Bishop Hugonin recanted his earlier decision and granted
Thérèse entrance into the Carmelite monastery. Pauline suggested that her younger sister enter
after Easter. Not only because of Lent but also to give Canon Deatroëtte time to get over his
opposition to her entry. Later, Thérèse would recall this event and stated to Pauline: “There was
only one person who encouraged my vocation and that was you Pauline…your heart is a faithful
echo of my own. But when the moment of crisis came, it was you who pointed out to me the
road to follow.” (SS)
After all of the obstacles to Thérèse’s entry into the Carmelite monastery had disappeared, she
writes to Pauline a month before her entry and stated: “Oh Pauline, I am so happy that the good
God has given me a sister like you; I hope you will pray for your little girl, that she may correspond
to the graces that Jesus in His goodness loves to give her. She has great need of your aid for she is
only very slightly what she wants to be.” (CL)
One tradition of the Carmelite Order was for the professed nuns to take an annual retreat each year.
During the month of May, Pauline would take her retreats which were also her anniversary as a
professed nun. Pauline’s yearly retreat was used as an opportunity to be an offering to God. She
would spend ten days in seclusion from the other nuns. When she was obligated to be in the presence
of the other nuns she would hide her face. If there was a necessity for any communication with the
other nuns it was always communicated in written form and only after the prioress consented to it.
In January of 1889, Pauline became very ill. She constantly suffered severe headaches which made
it difficult for her to perform her duties. Thérèse was very worried about her and thought that she
might die as a result. Thérèse’s novitiate ceremony was to take place on January 10th and she wanted
Pauline to be there to witness her taking the veil.
This meant a lot to Thérèse especially in the wake of so many obstacles which were placed in her
path upon her entry into the Carmel. Thérèse sent Pauline a note stating: “I know you have a bad
headache!…This grieves me because I have great fear that the dear Jesus may cause you to sprout
your wings…Do not die!…Wait for me to follow you.” (CL)
Pauline was a major instrumental figure in helping Thérèse reach her highest point in faith during her
novitiate. In May of 1889, Pauline was given permission, by the prioress, to write to her during her
retreat. Thérèse alludes to this by responding to Pauline’s letter: “Thanks to my dear lamb for having
let baby lamb hear once more the music of Heaven. It was a gentle breeze for the little reed…its heart,
rather than its eyes, was able to hear the music of St. Cecilia. It did not lose a single word.” (CL)
Pauline's dream of living as a hermit in the desert still resonated in both her heart and mind. Pauline
sensed that the purpose of her existence would not be a martyr and shed her blood for Jesus. But the
fruit of her existence would be by giving her sole love for Him and Him alone. Pauline’s severe
headaches which caused her to be nauseated and vomit profusely were of great concern for her sisters.
They would try to keep a close eye on her even though she was in seclusion. Her sisters would send
her little notes encouraging her to endure her suffering for the love of Jesus. Thérèse wrote: “The baby
lamb begs the Lamb not to go bounding onto Heaven. If your place is already prepared in Heaven, than
please wait for me so that we may both go together to our Homeland. I pray that you will stay a little
longer here on earth in exile.” (CL)
Pauline’s father suffered from several strokes and was sent to Caen to be taken care of. During this
time of suffering for the entire family, both Léonie and Céline stayed behind in Caen and kept a close
eye on him. On April 27, 1890, Pauline painted a picture of five lilies supporting a cloth of the Holy Face
for Céline’s birthday. Each lily represented each of the five girls. The buds were symbols of their
brothers and sisters who departed at a very young age. The stem itself represented their mother and the
thorns which wrapped around the lily symbolized their father’s plight. Pauline stated to Céline: “You
are the beautiful white lily whose petals support the Holy Face.” (TOL) The Holy Face had become
symbolic for the Martin family in all of their suffering.
Thérèse was continually humiliated in front of the other nuns during her novitiate period for no justifiable
reason. It hurt Pauline to see her sister treated so unjustly. Pauline approached the prioress about her
harsh treatment towards her sister. Pauline thought that the prioress had taken it beyond the scope of
teaching her lessons in humility and wanted her to stop treating her that way. However, the prioress
disagreed completely and responded to Pauline by saying: “Well, that’s one of the disadvantages of having
sisters!…She has more pride than you think and needs to be constantly humiliated.” (SG) Pauline wrote
several notes to Thérèse supporting and comforting her through this period of humility.
In May of 1890, Pauline took her annual retreat within the monastery. Thérèse was given permission to
write to her due to the fact she was still in her novitiate. With being inundated with the constant
humiliations suffered at the hands of the prioress, Thérèse alluded to Pauline the need of some spiritual
enlightenment by her to help her endure it. Thérèse wrote: “Dearest Lamb, do you understand? Even
when my heart cannot express what I am feeling…You, who are a flaming torch that Jesus has given me
to light my steps in the dark pathways of exile, have pity on my weakness; hide me under your veil that
I may share your light.” (CL) In turn, Pauline sent numerous notes to comfort Thérèse to give her hope
and enlighten her spirit of faith. Pauline reiterated the need to her sister to focus solely on Jesus and
Jesus alone. Thérèse replied back to her and told her how blessed she was that she is her “surrogate
mother” as well as telling her that it was “you who taught me to love Jesus, to seek only Him.” (CL)
Pauline also stressed to Thérèse that we must always remain hidden and not let ourselves be the only
source of enlightenment to others. We must seek Jesus to be our sole source of enlightenment. “Let us
say no word that might make others think more highly of us.” (CL)
Pauline maintained her focus solely on Jesus. John 12:23-25 “Jesus answered them, saying: The hour is
come, that the Son of man should be glorified. Amen, amen, I say to you, unless the grain of wheat
falling into the ground die, itself remaineth alone. But if it dies, it bringeth forth much fruit. He that loveth
his life shall lose it; and he that hateth his life in this world, keepeth it unto life eternal.”(B) He was the
true and only source of her love for enduring many obstacles while she was in exile here on earth.
At the end of her retreats, Pauline would reunite herself with her sisters once more and return back to
carrying out her day-to-day duties in the monastery. Most importantly, Thérèse was always excited to
have her “surrogate mother” back in her sights. Thérèse remarked to Pauline in May of 1890: “The poor
baby lamb will have it’s mother again; at last…I thank Jesus for having given you to me and for
understanding the needs of my soul. Silence, that is my language which will tell you all that passes in
In August of 1890, Pauline was verbally attacked by the prioress and was told many things which cut
deep into her heart. To add to the negative attack, Pauline was also suffering from bronchitis, which the
doctor had prescribed for her to take a tonic of quinquina. She was forced to temporarily stay in the
infirmary during her illness. It was a difficult period of time for Pauline both emotionally and physically.
Thérèse attempted to comfort her in a note she wrote: “Yes, joys for us will be suffering…Yesterday’s
grace requires a crowning and Jesus gave it to you. Oh! You, who are my light, ask Jesus to allow
souls not to be deprived and let the darkness enlighten them.”(CL) Thérèse also encouraged Pauline to
use each humiliation and physical suffering as a means of saving more souls.
Prior to Mother Geneviève's death, who was one of the founding sisters of the Carmel of Lisieux, saw
great leadership qualities in Pauline. She prophesied to her Carmelite sisters on her deathbed that
Pauline's public life would soon begin as a future prioress of the Carmel. On December 5, 1891,
Mother Geneviève's soul ascended to heaven. In tradition of the Carmelite Order a biographical account
of the sister’s life was written and copies were sent to the other Carmelite Orders. Pauline was given
the task of writing a brief account of Mother Geneviève’s life; however, the biography was signed by
the current prioress and presented as being written by her.
The Carmelites used their skills to earn money to help support the monastery. In following with this
tradition, Pauline used her skills as a painter to paint miniatures to make money for the monastery.
She also painted religious quotes from the Bible on the walls of the monastery. In the prioress’s cell,
she painted the religious quote from the book of Wisdom 10:17 “And she rendered to the just the wages
of their labors, and conducted them in a wonderful way: and she was to them for a covert by day and
for the light of stars by night.” (B)
On February 20, 1893, elections for a new prioress commenced. As the Foundress had previous
predicted, Pauline now led her Carmelite sisters as their new mother. When Pauline’s father heard of
the news about his daughter being elected prioress of the Carmel, he said: “They could not have made
a better choice.” (FL) Thérèse alluded to their mother’s feelings in a letter addressed to Pauline about
how proud their mother must be in heaven over the fact that she was now a mother too. Obviously,
both Marie and Thérèse were overjoyed at seeing their sister become prioress but suppressed their
feelings to the others sisters so that they would not upset them. Instead, Thérèse wrote her a note
congratulating her by saying: “For a long time you have been my "mother", but it was in the secret of
my heart that I gave that sweet name to the one who was at once my "Guardian Angel" and my sister,
and now today God has consecrated you.” (CL)
Mother Marie de Gonzague, prioress before Pauline, was shocked by the results of the vote. She did
not expect to be voted out. But she conceded grudgingly and stated to Pauline: “If the majority of your
sisters chose to give you their votes, it was because they saw that you were trying to reproduce the
virtues, which Mother Geneviève practiced.” (CL)
As an act of humility, Pauline appointed Mother Marie, the title of “Mistress of the Novices”. Fearful
of the way the Mother Marie treated Thérèse during her own postulancy and novitiate, Pauline appointed
Thérèse to be Mother Marie's assistant. It was a strategic move on Pauline’s part so that there would be
a slight barrier between the novices and the former prioress.
Pauline’s new religious name became Mother Agnes of Jesus. But Pauline was never known as just
“Mother Agnes” by her Carmelite sisters, her nickname, was "Ma petite mère" (my little mother) or
"La petite mère'" (the little mother). They nicked named her that because Pauline was very thin and
short in stature that most of her Carmelite sisters were taller than her.
At the beginning of Pauline’s reign as prioress, Thérèse had prophesied to her that her reign would not
go without receiving many “crowns” for Jesus. Thérèse comforted Pauline by saying: “The vessels will
be too small to contain the precious perfumes you will want to put into them; but Jesus, too, has only
very small instruments on which to play His melody of love, yet He is skilled to use all those that we
give Him.” (CL) The prophecy was not far from being a reality for Pauline.
The former prioress thought that she could manipulate Pauline into doing what she wanted her to do,
as it was Pauline’s first time as prioress. She found out quickly that she could not manipulate Pauline.
From the handling of the novices to the handling of the finances of the monastery, each incident was a
challenge to Pauline’s authority to govern. Pauline was continually humiliated by her constant outbursts
in front of the entire community. Through all these misfortunes, Pauline’s soul radiated a constant
response of calmness towards the former prioress as well as to her other Carmelite sisters. Thérèse saw
each of these acts of humility as an opportunity for Pauline to earn another pearl in her crown for
heaven. Witnessing herself several confrontations, Thérèse replied, “She is a Saint”, this is why Pauline
is not the least spared from the wraths of many. It values her soul greatly in the way of humility.
Thérèse tried to comfort Pauline by writing to her and stating that if others refuse to do what is asked
by you, I will without a doubt be obedient to your desires without one refusal. She stated: “When you
are tired of plucking the strings of the harps, you can pick up your tiny lyre, hardly touching it, and it
will give forth the sounds you desire.” (CL)
In December of 1893, Pauline once again was faced with another illness. Her “Godfather” sent her some
medicine to help relieve any discomfort she was facing from her illness. She used her suffering as an
opportunity to save more souls. She soon recovered from her illness and resumed her duties as prioress.
On January 21, 1894, Pauline celebrated her first year as prioress. For this special occasion of Pauline’s
feast day, Thérèse presented her with an oil painting that she had painted and titled it: “The Dream of the
Child Jesus.” The oil painting showed the baby Jesus resting upright on his left side. He was holding
white lilies in his right hand with pink roses lying beside him in a cave. Outside of the cave, an image of
the Holy Face rests on the center of a cross planted on a hilltop. At the base of the cross lays a chalice.
Thérèse described to Pauline the poetic meaning behind her painting. She reflected from her heart back
to her what she had previously learned from her to focus solely on Jesus and Jesus alone. We are not to
be fearful when you are met with adversity, focus solely on the love He has for you. Even though, Jesus
sees that we are given a cross to bear, a crown of thorns to wear around our head, and speared on our
side by a lance from unfaithful servants of God, we must not let the fear of that suffering overwhelm our
attention of the love that Jesus has for us. Each flower that is given by you will be placed in his hands
and rests against his breast each representing the sweet virtues that you have acquired through all
adversity. These flowers will be returned to you by Jesus in Heaven. Enviously, we will see, the sweet
virtues that you have acquired are for Jesus and for Jesus alone. Only in heaven will it be seen by all,
the sweet virtues that you have acquired while living here in exile on earth and we can only hope to
obtain the same sweet virtues that you have acquired so that we may be at your side for all eternity.
Later in 1894, the signs of life were fleeting from Louis Martin’s eyes. Heaven bound was becoming
more of a reality for Pauline’s father than ever before. Constant reports from her sister Céline were
forecasting the inevitable death of their beloved patriarch. Gossip had spread throughout the social
circles in the small town of Lisieux about the cause of their father’s suffering. They were saying it was
brought on by his four daughters entering into the monastery. Obviously, his suffering was not a result
of their entrance. However, they had to endure this trial when it was addressed to them by visitors that
met them in the reception area of the monastery.
Louis’s health deteriorated for the worse as July approached. He suffered many small strokes and as a
result was bedridden. Pauline continuously wrote letters of encouragement to Céline to encourage her
to seek the Lord to ease her pain concerning their father’s poor health. Pauline wrote to her: “Let us be
saints. Jesus is asking that of us…He must have it.” (SF) Even through all of the misfortunes that we
endure, we must focus on Jesus and Jesus alone. We must surrender at all costs His divine will for us
even though we may passionately feel otherwise. Allow Him to enter your heart and ask Him to fill it
with His love. Do not let your own will go against what Jesus has for you. Is Jesus such a burden that
you cannot simply ask for his companionship in this trial for you? Do we not praise Jesus when we
receive what we desire? But will we keep Him in our hearts when our desires are not met. The daily
pains we endure only strengthen our love for Him, keeping Him ever so close to our hearts. Invite our
Lord into your heart and allow him to bear your burdens as you are a witness to our Lord’s love.
Written by: R. Hann
Abbé Combes, ed. Collected Letters Of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux . (CL)
New York: Sheed & Ward, 1949.
Dolan, Albert H. Rev.. Collected Little Flower Works. Chicago: Carmelite Press, 1929. (CW)
---. Life of the Little Flower (CWa)
---. Living Sisters of the Little Flower (CWb)
---. Our Sister is in Heaven (CWc)
---. Where the Little Flower seems nearest (CWd)
---. The Little Flower’s Mother. Chicago: Carmelite Press, 1929. (CWe)
---. An Hour with the Little Flower (CWf)
---. God Made The Violet Too: Life of Léonie, Sister of St. Thérèse. (GV)
Chicago: Carmelite Press, 1948.
Piat, Stéphanie Fr. The Story Of A Family: The Home of St. Thérèse of Lisieux. (SF)
Trans: Benedictine of Stanbrook Abbey. Rockford, Ill.: Tan Books and Publishers, Inc., 1948.
Baudouin-Croix, Marie. Léonie Martin : A Difficult Life. (LM)
Dublin : Veritas Publications, 1993.
Beevers, John, trans. The Autobiography of St. Thérèse of Lisieux: Story of a Soul. (SS)
New York: Doubleday, 1957.
Clarke, John, trans. St.Thérèse of Lisieux: Her Last Conversations. (LC)
Washington, D.C.: ICS Publications, 1977.
Martin, Celine. My Sister St.Thérèse Trans: The Carmelite Sisters of New York. (MST)
Rockford, Ill.: Tan Books and Publishers, Inc., 1959.
Martin, Celine. The Mother of the Little Flower Trans: Fr. Michael Collins, S.M.A. (ML)
Rockford, Ill.: Tan Books and Publishers, Inc. 1957
Mother Agnes of Jesus. Marie, Sister of St. Thérèse. Ed. Rev. Albert H. Dolan, O.Carm.
Chicago: Carmelite Press, 1943. (M)
Piat, Stéphanie Fr. The Story Of A Family: The Home of St. Thérèse of Lisieux. (SF)
Trans: Benedictine of Stanbrook Abbey. Rockford, Ill.: Tan Books and Publishers, Inc., 1948.
---. CÉLINE: Sister Geneviève of the Holy Face. Trans: The Carmelite Sisters of the Eucharist of Colchester, Conn. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1997. ©
Redmond, Paulinus Rev. Louis and Zélie Martin: The Seed and The Root of the Little Flower London: Quiller Press Limited, 1995. (SR)
Rohrbach, Peter-Thomas, O.C.D. The Search for St. Therese (SST)
Garden City, New York: Hanover House, 1961
Martin, Pauline. Little Counsels of Mother Agnes of Jesus, O.C.D. (LCM)
Lisieux, France, Office Central de Lisieux- distributed by Carmelite Monastery of Ada, Michigan
Helmuth Nils Loose, Pierre Descouvemont. Thérèse and Lisieux (TOL)
Trans: Salvatore Sciurba, O.C.D. and Louise Pambrun, Grand Rapids, Michigan Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1996
Gibbons, James Cardinal. Holy Bible (Douay-Rheims) 1899 Edition. (B)
Baronius Press Unlimited, London, United Kingdom, 2005
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